RESEARCH TITLE: Evaluation of Total Phenolic Content, Total Antioxidant Activity, and Antioxidant Vitamin Composition of Pomegranate Seed and Juice
CONDUCTED BY: Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia;
PUBLISHED ON: OMICS
This study aimed to determine total phenolic content (TPC), total antioxidant activity (TAA), antioxidant vitamin composition (A, C, and E) of pomegranate fruit. In addition, two edible parts of pomegranate juice, pomegranate seed, and combination of them were compared based on antioxidant properties. TPC was determined by using Folin-Ciocalteu (FC) method based on colorimetric reduction. Ferric reduction ability power (FRAP assay) was used to test the antioxidant activity. Vitamin assessments were conducted by using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Results for antioxidant vitamin composition in pomegranate juice (PJ) showed that the concentration of vitamin A was 22.8 ± 0.69 µg/100 g, vitamin C was 57.8 ± 0.59 mg/100 g, and vitamin E was 0.07 ± 0.01 mg/100 g. Besides, TPC in PJ, pomegranate seed (PS), and pomegranate seed-juice (PSJ) was 2502 ± 54, 165 ± 49, and 2696 ± 49 mg GAE/L, and TAA was 32 ± 5.1, 20 ± 2.8, and 47 ± 5.5 mmol/L respectively. This study revealed that PSJ contained high level of phenolic compounds, antioxidant activity, and vitamin C. In addition, TPC was as main contributor to antioxidant activities, and positively correlated with TAA (r2=0.91, <0.05)
These findings suggested that pomegranate seed-juice has high level of phenolic content and antioxidant activity, which were positively correlated. Moreover, pomegranate juice could be acomplementary source of vitamin C and A. In addition, the result concluded that the combination of seed and juice have higher antioxidant activity than two other parts (seed and juice) separately. Therefore, pomegranate seed-juice has possessed a potential source of natural antioxidant; which can be used as treatment for chronic diseases relative to overproduction of free radicals. Therefore, combination of pomegranate seed and juice may become an alternative and potential source of natural antioxidant; which can be used as treatment for chronic diseases relative to overproduction of free radicals.